EVR 4872


An Online Course

CRN 81497


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Division of Marine Sciences and Ecological Sciences

College of Arts & Sciences

Florida Gulf Coast University

Fort Myers, Florida


Edward T. "Terry" Wimberley, Ph.D.


Division of Marine and Ecological Sciences

College of Arts & Sciences

259 Whitaker Hall

Fort Myers, FL

(239) 405-4164 (Cell)





Plagiarism Warning



Office Hours: Thursdays, 1:00p.m. - 4:00 p.m. & By Appointment



Course Description:

An introduction to environmental policy emphasizing climate change, biodiversity; economic growth. Also includes discussion of regulatory policies, taxes, market solutions, and other policy options applied to energy policy, transportation policy, endangered species, and materials use.

Text & Films:

Students are required to purchase the following books.

Salzman, James and Thompson, Jr., Barton H. (2010) Environmental Policy and Law: Concepts and Insights (Third Edition), New York, NY: Foundation Press, University Casebook. ISBN: 1566629845


Layzer, Judith (2012) The Environmental Case. (3rd Edition) Washington, DC: CQ Press.


Wimberley, Edward T. (2009) Nested Ecology: The Place of Humans in the Ecological Hierarchy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Students are required to either buy or rent the following film:

Gore, Albert (2007) An Inconvenient Truth. Produced by David Guggenheim, Hollywood, CA: Paramount Films. 

Students are also required to view the following films from these links or those provided in sessions 12 through 14.

Durkin, Martin (2007) The Great Global Warming Swindle  Presented in the United Kingdom and produced as a rejoinder to An Inconvenient Truth. 


Mortensen, Lars O. (2004) Global Warming - Doomsday Called Off . Copenhagen, DK: Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK).


Course Objectives:

After completion of this course, students should among other things be able to:


  • Describe the process of the United States environmental policy making

  • Discuss Environmental Justice movement and its implications for the environmental policy both at national and global level,

  • Discuss the impact of population growth and issues of quality of life in developing countries,

  • Identify major federal environmental protection policies and explain their key provisions,

  • Identify and differentiate between environmental threats associated with poverty and those associated with unsustainable development strategies,

  • Discuss the links between environmental quality and human health,

  •  Discuss the links between womenís empowerment and effective population and development policy,

  • Discuss global ecological interdependence and its implications for the institutions of governance, both nationally and internationally,

  • Thoroughly explore the different policy positions that have been staked out regarding global warming;

  • Demonstrate verbal and written communicative, analytical, and critical thinking skills through research project, book review, fact sheet, annotated bibliography, and oral presentation

  • Demonstrate the capacity to research and interpret court decisions and case law

  • Demonstrate the capacity to correctly use APA citations and references


Basic Course Requirements:

  1. Attend and participate in class on a regular basis through weekly posting of homework on the Canvas.  Class participation centers around participation in completing and posting homework and posting  under the correct sessions on the course Lesson board. Homework completion counts as 25% of the course grade and also reflects upon the class participation grade. Students must receive permission from the instructor to miss a class. Missing (i.e. nonparticipation or inadequate participation in class activities on the course Lesson board) for 3 classes or more without instructor permission will result in students being withdrawn from the class. Homework turned in late will not be graded. Homework written into the email memo field rather than attached as Word or rich-text format documents, will not be graded. Homework turned in without the student's name, date and a description of which homework assignment the work is responding to will not be graded. All work is submitted through Canvas email.

  1. Successfully complete a comprehensive examination.  The comprehensive exam will be administered at 10 weeks and will cover the material covered over weeks 1-10. The exam will be administered via the course lesson board.  Exams returned later than the specified deadline will not be graded and the student will receive a grade of 0% for such exams.  All work is submitted through Canvas email.

  1. Complete all homework in a timely and thorough fashion and weekly post study question / homework answers to the lesson board.  What the course considers to be "homework" are the discussion questions that occur between sessions 1-10. All homework must be completed weekly and must include APA source documentation. Additionally, each week's homework must include the homework question followed immediately with the student's response and all papers must include the students name, the course name, the assignment number and the date. Work failing to fully meet these criteria will receive no credit. Likewise work turned in late will receive no credit. Homework submitted later than 5:00 p.m. on the final date of the class session will will be considered late homework and will not be credited toward class attendance and participation. The dates for each class session can be found in the course schedule located on the course home page. Distance learning course are considered to operate over a seven day week period. All work is submitted through Canvas email.

  1. Complete a four - part applied final exam over sessions 11-14. An "Applied" examination is typically a narrative exam that assesses the student's capacity to conceptually understand policy issues and related "knowledge" and to be able to apply these concepts and ideas in the analysis of a policy problem or issue.  The applied exam for this course focuses upon the controversial positions that have been staked out in regard to global warming. To that end, each portion of the applied exam involves students providing analytical answers to one or two questions relating to contrasting positions on climate change and global warming. Each portion of this exam should be approached as individual narratives consisting of a minimum of 1200 and a maximum of 2000 words. Each narrative must include APA citations and reference used appropriately, must have a title page with the assignment description (e.g. Applied Exam Part 1, Applied Exam Part 2, etc.) All portions of the applied exam must include the name of the student and the date. Points will be deducted for the omission of any of the above. All papers must be double spaced and attached to the appropriate drop box. Narratives that fail to meet the minimum length requirement will receive point deductions, as will papers that exceed 2,200 words. Papers turned in late will not be graded.

APA Documentation Method:

I strongly encourage every student to take the time to complete the following online APA Citation and Reference Tutorial offered by Harvard University. One of the objectives of this class is that you learn how to use the APA documentation style. You can learn everything you need to know about how to use this method by studying the material at the following sites. Please understand that any of your discussion questions or your student presentation papers that are lacking in complete APA styled documentation will be returned to you and will not be graded until they are in order.

APA Citation & Reference Style


APA Online Tutorial  (One); APA Tutorial (Two); APA Tutorial (Three)


A Guide for Writing Research Papers Based on Styles Recommended by The American Psychological Association


Purdue University: Using American Psychological Association (APA) Format (Updated to 5th Edition)

Citation Styles: APA
APA Crib Sheet

Citations in the APA Style (Indiana University)

Citing Sources Using APA Manual (6th ed.) from Nova Southeastern University: Covers in-text citations, paraphrasing, direct quotes, citing secondary sources and offers numerous examples for in-text citations and within the Reference list. It is useful in that it refers to page numbers in the APA 6th ed. for more information.

APA Exposed: Everything You Wanted to Know about APA Format but Were Afraid to Ask. From Harvardís Graduate School of Education

APA Samples for a Bibliography from the Ithaca College Library

APA Guide to Electronic Resources

APA Guide, Concordia University Library

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding APA Style

APA Legal Citations and Referencing


NOTE: Students will be given credit for turning in their homework completely and on time. Students will be responsible for assuring that all study questions are appropriately cited and referenced using APA style. Failure to comply with these citation and reference standards will result in grade point reductions. Students are also responsible for assuring that all of their responses are accurate, since the course exams will be largely based upon these study questions. The instructor will provide either one completely graded set of questions for students to refer to or will provide the answers to the discussion questions on a weekly basis. These will be emailed to the instructor through Canvas email. Students will be responsible for not only turning in their work on a weekly basis, but reviewing their work against the instructor's feedback for the questions.

Grading Criteria:
Comprehensive Exam: Sessions 1-10 32%
Four - Part Applied Exam: (worth 8% per portion) Administered Over Sessions 11-14 32%
Attendance & Participation: ( as determined by weekly homework assignment performance. (Logging in on a weekly basis and answering assigned questions and doing so thoroughly and in accordance with question completion guidelines and expectations).   36%

 Total Percentage



Grading Scale

























59% and Below



Homework submitted later than 5:00 p.m. on the final date of each weekly class session will will be considered late homework and will not be credited toward class attendance and participation. Distance learning courses are considered to operate over a seven day week period.


NOTE: Course assignments and schedule, course objectives, and grading criteria, distributions and weights may change as circumstances dictate and at the discretion of the instructor.